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Bihar Land Tribunal (BLT Bihar): A Comprehensive Guide

Welcome to the Bihar Advocates Club! In this post, we will delve into the Bihar Land Tribunal (BLT Bihar), exploring its significance, the types of cases it handles, and the procedures involved. Whether you are a legal professional, a landowner, or simply interested in understanding the intricacies of land disputes in Bihar, this guide aims to provide you with detailed insights.

What is the Bihar Land Tribunal (BLT Bihar)?

The Bihar Land Tribunal (BLT Bihar) is a specialized judicial body established to resolve disputes related to land and revenue matters in the state of Bihar. It was created to ensure a more efficient and streamlined process for adjudicating land-related issues, which are often complex and time-consuming.

Objectives of BLT Bihar

  • Expeditious Resolution: To provide speedy resolution of land disputes.
  • Specialized Jurisdiction: To handle cases that require specialized knowledge and expertise in land laws.
  • Reducing Burden: To alleviate the burden on regular courts by handling specific land and revenue cases.
blt bihar

Jurisdiction and Types of Cases

BLT Bihar has jurisdiction over a variety of land-related disputes. Some of the key types of cases handled by the tribunal include:

  1. Land Acquisition Disputes: Cases related to the acquisition of land by the government for public purposes.
  2. Revenue Matters: Disputes involving land revenue, such as incorrect assessment or collection of revenue.
  3. Tenancy and Agricultural Land: Issues between landlords and tenants, including tenancy rights and disputes over agricultural land.
  4. Title Disputes: Cases involving disputes over the ownership or title of land.
  5. Encroachment: Disputes regarding unauthorized encroachment on land.
  6. Eviction: Cases concerning the eviction of tenants or occupants from the land.

Procedure for Filing a Case

The procedure for filing a case in the Bihar Land Tribunal is designed to be straightforward to facilitate easy access to justice. Here are the steps involved:

Step 1: Filing the Petition

  • Prepare the Petition: The petitioner must prepare a detailed petition outlining the facts of the case, the relief sought, and supporting documents.
  • Submission: The petition is submitted to the registrar of the BLT Bihar along with the required court fee.

Step 2: Admission and Preliminary Hearing

  • Admission: The tribunal reviews the petition to ensure it falls within its jurisdiction.
  • Preliminary Hearing: A preliminary hearing is conducted to determine if there is a prima facie case.

Step 3: Issuance of Notices

  • Notices to Respondents: If the case is admitted, notices are issued to the respondents (the opposing party) to appear before the tribunal.

Step 4: Filing of Written Statements

  • Respondents’ Reply: The respondents must file their written statements in response to the petition, along with any supporting documents.

Step 5: Evidence and Hearings

  • Evidence Submission: Both parties are given the opportunity to submit evidence and present their case.
  • Hearings: The tribunal conducts hearings where both parties can argue their case.

Step 6: Final Arguments

  • Summing Up: Both parties present their final arguments summarizing the key points of their case.

Step 7: Judgment

  • Decision: The tribunal delivers its judgment based on the evidence and arguments presented.

Appeal Process

If a party is dissatisfied with the judgment of the BLT Bihar, they have the right to appeal. Appeals can be made to the High Court of Bihar, which will review the case and the decision of the tribunal.

Important Points to Consider

  • Legal Representation: It is advisable to seek legal representation to navigate the complexities of land laws and tribunal procedures effectively.
  • Documentation: Ensure all relevant documents, such as land records, revenue receipts, and agreements, are meticulously maintained and presented.
  • Timely Filing: Adhere to timelines for filing petitions and responses to avoid delays in the adjudication process.


The Bihar Land Tribunal plays a crucial role in resolving land disputes efficiently and effectively. Understanding the types of cases it handles, the procedural steps involved, and the importance of proper documentation and legal representation can significantly impact the outcome of land-related disputes. At Bihar Advocates Club, we are committed to providing valuable information and resources to help you navigate the legal landscape in Bihar.

If you have any questions or need further assistance, feel free to contact us or visit our office. Together, we can ensure justice and fairness in land and revenue matters.

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